Table 1

Taxa, populations and DNA loci sampled

Taxa

Taxon abbrevi-ations

Pop. code

Ploidy

Geographic locality of populations

Collectors and dates

Nuclear genes: number of indiv./clones analyzed

cpDNA: number of indiv. analyzed


Achillea millefolium agg.

ncpGS

SBP

A. asiatica Serg. s.lat. (= A. sergievskiana Shaulo & Shmakov)

asi-2x

NM

2x f

China: Daqing Mt., 41°04'52" N, 112°35'56" E; 2010 m

GR, 2006.08.25

3/8

3/9

4

ARX

2x f

China: Arxan Mt., 47°17'39" N, 120°27'11" E; 1130 m

YG, 2007.10.08

3/14

3/14

3

SHB

2x f

China: Hebei, 42°26' N, 117°15' E; 1500 m

YG, 2007.07.27

-

-

2

AL1

2x c

Russia: Altai, 51°02'52" N, 85°36'47" E; 1100 m

MS, 2002.07.30

3/9

3/11

3

A. asiatica Serg. s.str.

asi-4x

AL9563

4x c

Russia: Altai, 49°32'66" N, 88°13'35" E; 2350 m

AT, 2003.08.02

3/13

1/5

3

AL3

4x c

Russia: S Siberian lowland near Novosibirsk; 220 m

MS, 2002.08.16

3/13

3/15

2

UT

4x c

Uzbekistan: Tashkent, Tschimgan Mt.

HG, 2002.11

-

3/15

3

A. asplenifolia Vent.

asp

BZ

2x c

Austria: Burgenland, Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen

Tod, 2001.01.10

3/9

2/8

2

NS2

2x c

Austria: Burgenland, Rust, near lake "Neusiedler See"

FE, JS, YG, 2003.05.27

3/9

3/15

3

Ta

2x f

Czech Republic: South Moravia, Terezin

FE & LE, 2002.07.12

3/11

2/10

2

A. borealis Bong. s.lat. (A. lanulosa Nutt. var. alpicola Rydb.)

bor-alp

US2

4x i

USA: Washington, Mt. Rainier National Park; 1350-2070 m

PS & AT, 2002.08.18

2/12

2/10

2

A. borealis Bong. s.lat. (A. lanulosa Nutt. var.?)

bor-lan

US5

4x i

USA: Connecticut, Hopeville State Park

JE, 2004.07.17

2/12

2/10

2

A. borealis Bong. s.lat. (A. lanulosa Nutt. var. lanulosa)

bor-lan

US6

4x i

USA: Utah, ascent from Snowbird Alta to Lake Secret

KT, 2004.07.31

3/15

3/18

3

A. ceretanica Sennen s.str.

cer-2x

10240

2x c

France: E Pyrenees

JS, 2001

2/10

2/9

2

A. ceretanica Sennen s.lat.

cer-4x

10222

4x c

France: Massif Central

JS, 2001

2/10

2/9

2

A. cuspidata Wall.

cus

ID

2x i

Kashmir: 34°25.80' N, 75°44.80' E; 3200 m

LK, 2004.09.14

1/4

1/5

1

A. distans Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd.

dis

DIKF

6x i

Austria, Kaltenleutgeben, Flösslberge

JS, s.n.

2/16

2/13

2

A. inundata Kondr.

inu

K13

4x i

Ukraine: Kiev, S of Desna mouth into Dnjepr; 100 m

FE & YG, 2003.07.28

2/9

2/9

2

A. latiloba Ledeb. ex Nordm.

lat

Geo

2x i

Georgia: Adjara, 41°29'55″ N, 42°31'46″ E; 2006 m

DK, 2004.07.18

3/12

1/4

3

A. millefolium L. s.lat. (A. apiculata N.I.Orlova)

mil-api

Ra-c

6x i

Russia: Karelia, Louhski region, (a) Kandalaksha Natural Reserve; (b) Kiv bay, near Medvezhij peninsula; (c) near cape Ivanov Navolok

OA, 2003.08

5/32

5/37

5

A. millefolium L. s.lat. (A. sudetica Opiz)

mil-sud

STms

6x i

Austria: Salzburg, Hohe Tauern; ca. 2300 m

PS, 2002.08.31

2/10

2/15

2


A. roseoalba Ehrend.

ros-2x/ros-4x

Si3

2x+4xc

Slovenia: Ljubljana

FE, 2002.07.31

2/8

1/5

2

Si6

2x+4xc

Slovenia: Ljubljana, Podpec

FE, 2002.7.31

2/8

1/5

2

V

2x+4xc

Italy: Udine, Kanalta, MalborghettoValbruna

JS, 2002.07

3/15

2/10

3

A. schmakovii Kupr.

sch

AL5

6xc

Russia: Altai, 51°02'52'' N, 85°36'47'' E; 1700 m

MS, 2002.07.30

2/9

2/15

2

A. setacea Waldst. & Kit.

set

GR

2x i

Greece: Thessaloniki, drain from lake Limni Koronia

FE, 2001

1/3

1/5

1

K4

2x c

Ukraine: Kiev, Bald Mt., Lisa Gora

FE & YG 2003.07.22

3/7

2/10

2

NS1

2x c

Austria: Burgenland, E of St. Margarethen; ca 200 m

FE, JS, YG, 2003.05.27

2/8

2/7

2

SeAA

2x c

Turkey: Anatolia, Aksaray

FE, 2002.03.26

3/10

2/10

2

A. styriaca J. Saukel & J. Danihelka, ined.

sty

StE

4x i

Austria: Styria, Einach, Wald

JS, s.n.

1/5

1/4

1

Species outside A. millefolium agg.

A. acuminata (Ledeb.) Schultz Bip.

acu

CB1

2x f

China: Jilin, Changbai Mt., Hancong Valley, 680-620 m

YG & GR, 2002.07.24

3/8

3/8

ARX2

2x c

China: Inner Mongolia, Arxan, N 47°17'39.5", E 120°27'09.9"; 865 m

YG, 2007.10.08

3/12

2/11

TB5

2x c

China: Shanxi, Taibai Mt., N 34°01'17", E 107°18'21"; 1700 m.

YG, 2006.09.09

3/9

3/7

A. ligustica Vis.ex Nym.

lig

SN

2x i

Italy: Sicily, Nebrodi Mts.

FE, 2001.09.21

1/3

1/5

1

A. nobilis L.

nob

ZN

2x i

Czech Rep.: Znoimo

LE & FE, 2002.07.13

3/24

1/5


c ploidy level checked by chromosome counting; f ploidy level checked by flowcytometry; i ploidy level inferred from FE's previous studies or from literature.

Names of collectors: AT = A. Tribsch; DK = D. Kharazishvili; FE = F. Ehrendorfer; GR = G.-Y. Rao; HG = H. Greger; JE = J. Ehrendorfer; JS = J. Saukel; KT = K. Tremetsberger; LE = L. Ehrendorfer-Schratt; LK = L. Klimes; MS = M. Staudinger; OA = O. Alexandrova; PS = P. Schönswetter; YG = Y.-P. Guo

Guo et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:2   doi:10.1186/1471-2148-12-2

Open Data