Open Access Research article

Miocene and Pliocene dominated diversification of the lichen-forming fungal genus Melanohalea (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota) and Pleistocene population expansions

Steven D Leavitt1*, Theodore L Esslinger2, Pradeep K Divakar3 and H Thorsten Lumbsch1

Author Affiliations

1 The Field Museum, Department of Botany, 1400 S. Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL, 60605, USA

2 Department of Biological Sciences #2715, North Dakota State University, PO Box 6050, Stevens Hall, Fargo, ND, 58108-6050, USA

3 Departamento de Biología Vegetal II, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, 28040, Spain

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BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012, 12:176  doi:10.1186/1471-2148-12-176

Published: 11 September 2012

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Collection information for all Melanohalea specimens included in the present study.

Format: XLSX Size: 55KB Download file

Open Data

Additional file 2:

Maximum likelihood ITS gene tree of the 487 sampled Melanohalea specimens. Bootstrap support indicated at nodes, and operational taxonomic units in red text indicate 138 Melanohalea specimens selected to represent sampled genetic diversity in multilocus phylogenetic reconstructions.

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Additional file 3:

Mismatch distributions observed in Melanohalea lineages with a minimum sample size of eight individuals. Black squares: simulated mismatch distributions, black triangles: observed mismatch distributions.

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Open Data

Additional file 4:

Selected specimens representing sampled genetic diversity and GenBank accession numbers for the six sampled loci: nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region (ITS) and large subunit (nuLSU), mitochondrial small subunit (mtSSU), and protein-coding makers MCM 7, RPB 1, and RPB 2.

Format: DOCX Size: 35KB Download file

Open Data