Table 4

Divergence time estimations (in millions of years ago) for major diversification events of Mustelidae, including data from previous studies

Node

Diversification event

Nuclear dataa(95% CI)c

Mt datab(95% CI)

Fossil record

Wayne (1989)

Bininda-Emonds (1999)

Hosoda (2000)

Sato (2003)

Yonezawa (2007)

Koepli (2008)

Eizirik et al (2010)


1

divergence of Taxidiinae to the other mustelids

23.73(22.80-24.70)

23.46(22.50-24.41)

-

-

20.8

-

-

20.21(18.78-21.64)

24.2(22.3-26)

13.0 (9.6-17.1)

2

divergence of Melinae

17.33(12.44-22.10)

17.19(13.96-20.58)

18-20.5

-

13.7

-

14.5-18.1

16.98(15.52-18.44)

11(9.4-12.5)

11.7 (8.5-15.5)

3

origin of the other mustlids except for Taxidiinae and Melinae

16.05(11.34-20.91)

15.79(12.65-19.11)

21.5-22.5

-

11.4

-

14.7-14.8

14.83(13.39-16.27)

11.6(10.1-13)

10.8 (7.8-14.5)

4

divergence of Helictidinae

10.21(5.66-15.04)

13.86(10.45-17.02)

-

-

6.9

-

-

-

10.8(9.4-12.2)

-

5

divergence between Lutrinae and Mustelinae

11.43(7.02-16.00)

12.54(9.24-15.87)

11.1-13.5

20-25

9.9-17.1

15-23

13.5-14.1

12.74(11.41-14.07)

8.7(7.3-10.0)

8.4(5.9-11.5)

7

origin of Mustelinae

5.89(4.99-6.83)

6.30(5.39-7.24)

3.4-4.2

12-20

10.4-11.4

10-23

8.5-9.9

-

6.1(4.9-7.2)

-

6

origin of Martinae

5.97(3.39-8.90)

10.91(7.82-14.37)

3.3-4.0

-

8.2

10-14

-

11.48(10.15-12.81)

6.8(5.1-8.5)

7.7(5.3-10.8)


Node numbers correspond to those indicated in Figure 2 and 3

a the divergence times were estimated based on combined nuclear genes and tree topology in Figure 2

b the divergence times were estimated based on mt genomes and tree topology in Figure 3

c 95% confidence intervals

Yu et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:92   doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-92

Open Data