Additional file 5.
Ancestral character state reconstruction using maximum parsimony. Summary of results over 10,000 randomly sampled trees from the Bayesian analysis. Uniquely best states were counted and are shown on the Bayesian consensus tree. Possible states are unicellular (yellow) and multicellular (black). At the nodes, probabilities for each character state are represented with a pie chart. The white part in the pie charts indicates fraction of trees where the node was absent, grey parts describe fraction of trees where both states were equally likely. Nodes where transitions occurred were labelled with an asterisk if they show strong support from the phylogenetic analyses. The maximum parsimony analysis produced a similar result compared to the maximum likelihood analysis. A unicellular ancestry for the most recent common ancestor of all cyanobacteria is supported. Nodes 3, 4 and 5 are most frequently optimized as multicellular. Multicellularity has been estimated for nodes 3 and 4 in 6800 trees and for node 5 in 6900 trees. In contrast, single celled states for these nodes have been reported, for node 3 in 13 out of 10,000 trees and for node 4 and 5 in 14 out of 10,000 trees. Five reversals to unicellularity can be detected and at least one reversal to multicellularity.
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Schirrmeister et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:45 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-45