Ancestral character state reconstruction using maximum likelihood. Ancestral character state reconstruction with maximum likelihood analysis, using the "Asymmetrical Markov k-state 2 parameter"(AsymmMk) model implemented in Mesquite 2.71 . Transition rates were estimated by the program (Table 2). Analysis was run over 10,000 randomly sampled trees from the Bayesian analysis and plotted on the Bayesian consensus tree. Possible states are unicellular (yellow) and multicellular (black). Relative likelihood probabilities for each character state are represented with a pie chart at nodes. The white part in the pie charts indicates the fraction of trees where the node was absent. Posterior probabilities (black) and bootstrap values (red) from the phylogenetic analyses are displayed at the nodes. Asterisks denote supported nodes for which posterior probabilities and bootstrap values are presented in Figure 4. At nodes 3, 4 and 5 a multicellular ancestry is very likely. Back mutations to unicellularity occur at least five times. A back mutation to multicellularity occurs at least once. Clades where transitions occurred are labelled.
Schirrmeister et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:45 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-45