Phylogenetic tree of 1,254 cyanobacterial species. Maximum likelihood phylogram of cyanobacteria, based on GTR+G+I substitution model. Six eubacterial species form an outgroup. The ingroup contains 1,254 cyanobacterial strains and six different chloroplast sequences. Bootstrap values (> 50%) calculated from 100 re-samplings are displayed at the nodes. Colors define major morphological characters in the groups. Yellow are single-celled cyanobacteria of section I; orange single-celled from section II; green are multicellular, undifferentiated cyanobacteria from section III; blue are multicellular and differentiated bacteria from section IV; and pink from section V. Sections as described by Castenholz 2001 . Different sub-groups (AC1;A1-A5;B1, B2;C1-C4;D1-D2) are defined for the phylogeny. Nomenclature of groups correlates with morphological sections as illustrated in the legend. From these sub-groups taxa were sampled for further analyses. A complete list with species included in the analysis can be found in Additional File 7.
Schirrmeister et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:45 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-45