Open Access Research article

Evolution of reproductive mode variation and host associations in a sexual-asexual complex of aphid parasitoids

Christoph Sandrock12*, Bettina E Schirrmeister1 and Christoph Vorburger3

Author Affiliations

1 Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zürich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zürich, Switzerland

2 Swiss Bee Research Centre, Agroscope Liebefeld-Posieux ALP, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, 3003 Bern, Switzerland

3 Institute of Integrative Biology, ETH Zürich, Switzerland, and EAWAG, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Überlandstrasse 133, 8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland

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BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011, 11:348  doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-348

Published: 1 December 2011

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Distribution of Lysiphlebus fabarum group reproductive modes across Europe. Figure S1: Map of European sample locations and distribution of reproductive modes of Lysiphlebus parasitoids.

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Additional file 2:

Geographic distribution of reproductive modes of the Lysiphlebus fabarum group associated with Aphis hederae hosts. Figure S2: Bar plots depicting the numbers of arrhenotokous and thelytokous Lysiphlebus fabarum group parasitoid samples collected at individual locations.

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Additional file 3:

Outgroup taxa. Table S1: Detailed sampling and sequence information on the outgroup taxa used in the phylogenetic analyses (Figure 1).

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Additional file 4:

GenBank accession numbers of COΙ and ATP6 sequences of the Lysiphlebus fabarum group. Table S2: Combination of individual gene's haplotype sequences corresponding to the concatenated sequence haplotype data.

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Additional file 5:

Overall nuclear genetic differentiation of the Lysiphlebus fabarum group. Table S3: Pairwise FST comparison among members of the Lysiphlebus fabarum group.

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