Geographical distribution of mtDNA major clades. Mitochondrial D-loop sequences in ancient aurochen are reported as green branches on the phylogenies, with the number of separate individuals indicated, along with the current lineage nomenclature (P, E and T). Complete mtDNA genomes in modern cattle breeds are reported as blue branches (lineages T, Q and R) and similarly numbered. The phylogenetic affiliation of the available aurochen mtDNA genomes (; this study) are indicated by the two black arrows. The geographic location of the Vado all'Arancio site is indicated in the figure inset.
Lari et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:32 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-32