Geographic distribution of A. gambiae s.l. samples and median-joining networks of coding haplotypes. Species- and form-specific colours in the geographic map (a) and networks (b, c, d) are as follows: A. gambiae M-form: dark blue, A. gambiae S-form: light blue, A. arabiensis: red, A. merus: violet, A. melas: green, A. quadriannulatus: yellow. Synonymous mutations are in italics, nonsynonymous mutations are in bold-italics. The size of the circles in the networks is proportional to the haplotype frequencies. Numbering of mutations follows the complete coding sequence of each gene: AgAcp34A-1 (b), AgAcp34A-2 (c) and AgAcp34A-3 (d).
Mancini et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:292 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-292