Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Reticulate evolution: frequent introgressive hybridization among chinese hares (genus lepus) revealed by analyses of multiple mitochondrial and nuclear DNA loci

Jiang Liu1, Li Yu1*, Michael L Arnold3, Chun-Hua Wu25, Shi-Fang Wu2, Xin Lu4 and Ya-Ping Zhang12*

Author Affiliations

1 Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio-resource & Key Laboratory for Microbial Resources of the Ministry of Education, Yunnan University, Kunming, 650091, PR, China

2 State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Kunming 650223, China

3 Department of Genetics, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA

4 Department of Zoology, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China

5 Utah State University Department of Animal, Dairy & Veterinary Sciences Old Main Hill 4700 Center for Integrated Biosystems Rm315 Logan, UT 84322-4700, USA

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BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011, 11:223  doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-223

Published: 28 July 2011

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Uncorrected pairwise distances (P-distance) among eight mtDNA lineages of Chinese hares based on the separate analyses of four mtDNA fragments.

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Additional file 2:

Details about the discrepancy between the mitochondrial and nuclear gene trees. Sample code corresponds to sequence name shown in Figure 1 and sample code in Additional file 4.

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Additional file 3:

Bayesian tree used for divergence time estimates and the divergence time for each major clades. Phylogenetic analyses are rooted with Oryctolagus cuniculus. The best substitute model GTR+I+G was used for Bayesian inference. The numbers above the branches are the Bayesian posterior probabilities (PP).

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Additional file 4:

Samples collected in this study. Sample code corresponds to sequence name shown in Figure 1 and sample code in Additional file 2.

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Additional file 5:

Primers used for mitochondrial fragments amplification and sequencing.

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