Email updates

Keep up to date with the latest news and content from BMC Evolutionary Biology and BioMed Central.

Open Access Research article

Modern and ancient red fox (Vulpes vulpes) in Europe show an unusual lack of geographical and temporal structuring, and differing responses within the carnivores to historical climatic change

Amber GF Teacher12*, Jessica A Thomas1 and Ian Barnes1

Author Affiliations

1 Royal Holloway University of London, Egham Hill, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, UK

2 Department of Biosciences, P.O. Box 56 (Viikinkaari 9), FI-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland

For all author emails, please log on.

BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011, 11:214  doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-214

Published: 20 July 2011

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Modern sequence information. GenBank accession numbers, location information, and number of sequences used in modern phylogeny.

Format: DOC Size: 216KB Download file

This file can be viewed with: Microsoft Word Viewer

Open Data

Additional file 2:

Ancient sample information. Ancient samples, locations, museum codes, sample donors, and dating information, including the approximations of the dates used for the BEAST analysis.

Format: DOC Size: 211KB Download file

This file can be viewed with: Microsoft Word Viewer

Open Data

Additional file 3:

Cytochrome b haplotype network. White circles represent modern sequences, black circles represent ancient sequences, and split circles represent haplotypes present both in ancient and modern samples. Each haplotype has a unique number, and the country of origin is marked nearby, together with the number of sequences represented in brackets. Details for the central haplotype are shown to the side. For ancient samples, where available the approximate date of the sample is also given in brackets; those marked with a star '*' are dated by dendrochronology, the one sample marked with two stars '**' is radiocarbon dated, and all others are contextual dates.

Format: DOC Size: 1.2MB Download file

This file can be viewed with: Microsoft Word Viewer

Open Data

Additional file 4:

Control region haplotype network. White circles represent modern sequences, black circles represent ancient sequences, and split circles represent haplotypes present both in ancient and modern samples. Each haplotype has a unique number, and the country of origin is marked nearby, together with the number of sequences represented in brackets. For ancient samples, where available the approximate date of the sample is also given in brackets; those marked with a star '*' are dated by dendrochronology, the one sample marked with two stars '**' is radiocarbon dated, and all others are contextual dates.

Format: DOC Size: 971KB Download file

This file can be viewed with: Microsoft Word Viewer

Open Data

Additional file 5:

Marginal probability distributions for real and randomised datasets. Marginal probability distributions for real and randomised datasets, with the mean substitution rate of 2.987 substitutions per site per year indicated for the real dataset. Real datasets are indicated in black, randomised are in colour.

Format: DOC Size: 300KB Download file

This file can be viewed with: Microsoft Word Viewer

Open Data