Consensus phylogeny of the D. buzzatii species cluster based on chromosomal inversions and ecological/geographical affiliations for each species. Male genitalia (aedeagus) types (A - E) for the species of the D. buzzatii cluster are labeled according to Silva and Sene . D. buzzatii and D. borborema were not included in that classification because both species have aedeagi that were already well characterized and could be easily distinguishable from the other species. Chromosomal inversions, shown above the tree branches, are based on Ruiz et al. [41,53] and used together with period gene data to reconstruct the phylogeny (see Figures 5 and 6). Host plant use and geographic distributions are based on Manfrin and Sene , Benado et al. , Marín et al.  and Vilela .
Oliveira et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:179 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-179