Table 2

Comparison of log-likelihood differences between alternative topologies and results of KH and AU tests

No

Alternative topologies

Reference

Difference of log-likelihood value from ML tree and rejection of KH and AU tests


ΔlnL

KH

AU


1

Topology of the ML tree from Aln-1 (-lnL = 77832.21)

This study (= Fig. 1)

0.00

-

-

Phrynomerinae (African taxon)

2

2 nd basal position of Phrynomerinae (Kalophryninae is most basal)

[1]

23.44

+

+

3

Most basal of Phrynomerinae + Gastrophryninae clade

[3]

8.11

-

-

Hoplophryninae (African taxon)

4

Hoplophryninae + (Cophylinae + Scaphiophryninae) clade

[3]

4.80

-

-

5

Hoplophryninae + Cophylinae clade

[1]

7.88

-

-

6

Hoplophryninae + Asterophryinae clade

[3]

36.61

++

++

Cophylinae and Scaphiophryne (Madagascan taxa)

7

3 rd basal position of Scaphiophryninae & Cophylinae + Kalophryninae clade

[2]

19.72

+

+

8

Scaphiophryninae + Microhylinae clade & Cophylinae + Hoplophryninae clade

[1]

87.37

++

++

Gastrophryninae (American taxon)

9

4 th basal position of Gastrophryninae

[2]

19.72

+

+

10

Gastrophryninae + (Cophylinae + Hoplophryninae) clade

[1]

87.37

++

++

11

2 nd basal position of Gastrophryninae

[3]

4.43

-

-

Kalophryninae (Asian taxon)

12

Most basal of Kalophryninae

[1]

23.44

+

+

13

Kalophryninae + Cophylinae clade

[2]

19.72

+

+

14

Kalophryninae+(Cophylinae + Scaphiophryninae) clade

[3]

15.79

-

-

Asterophryinae, Dyscophinae, & Microhylinae (Australian-New Guinean, Madagascan, Asian taxa)

15

Asterophryinae + Dyscophinae clade & Microhylidae + Scaphiophryninae clade

[1]

80.83

++

++

16

Microhylidae + Dyscophinae clade & (Asterophryinae + Kalophryninae) + Hoplophryninae clade

[3]

44.43

++

++

Gastrophrynoides

17

Gastrophrynoides + (Asterophryinae + (Dyscophinae + Microhylinae))

This study*

168.78

++

++


ML and lnL refer maximum likelihood and log-likelihood value. ΔlnL indicates difference of log-likelihood value from that of the ML topology. For KH and AU tests, P > 0.05, < 0.05, and < 0.01 are shown by -, +, ++, respectively. *The Maximum likelihood tree under the constraint of "Gastrophrynoides is not monophyly with Asterophryinae".

Kurabayashi et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:175   doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-175

Open Data