Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Human evolution in Siberia: from frozen bodies to ancient DNA

Eric Crubézy1*, Sylvain Amory123, Christine Keyser12, Caroline Bouakaze12, Martin Bodner3, Morgane Gibert1, Alexander Röck4, Walther Parson3, Anatoly Alexeev5 and Bertrand Ludes12

Author Affiliations

1 Laboratoire AMIS, FRE 2960 CNRS, Université de Toulouse, 37 allées Jules Guesde, 31073 Toulouse, France

2 Laboratoire d'Anthropologie Moléculaire, Institut de Médecine Légale, Université de Strasbourg, 11 rue Humann, 67085 Strasbourg, France

3 Institute of Legal Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria

4 Institute of Mathematics, University of Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 13, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria

5 Presidency of the University, Yakutsk University, Sakha Republic, Russia

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BMC Evolutionary Biology 2010, 10:25  doi:10.1186/1471-2148-10-25

Published: 25 January 2010

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Table of the consensus Y-STR haplotypes determined for the ancient Yakut samples. Haplogroups were defined by Y SNP snapshot typing detailed in Additional file 7. Samples with grey cells correspond to samples typed by the PowerPlex®-Y System. Alleles in parentheses correspond to alleles missing in one of the amplifications for a given sample.

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Additional file 2:

MtDNA HVS-1 polymorphisms and haplogroups (Hg) of the ancient Yakut sample. List of the mtDNA haplogroups of the ancient Yakut sample. rCRS: revised Cambridge reference sequence.

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Additional file 3:

mtDNA Haplotypes shared between the ancient Yakut and Siberian populations. List of haplotypes shared between the present data ancient Yakut and the Siberian populations. Populations are coded as follow. Yak: present day Yakuts, Bur: Buryats [3,4] (Shimada 2001 unpublished), Chuk: Chuckches [85,86], EG_PD: Eygin Gol present day [48], EG_A: Eygin Gol ancient [47], Esk: Eskimos [85,86], Evk: Evenks [50,65,87], YSE: Yakut Speaking Evenks [6], Kaz: Kazakhs [23,26], Kir: Kirghiz [23], Kor: Koryaks [83], Man: Mansis [22], Mg: Mongols [26,48,65,88], Oro: Oroquens [65], Tuv: Tuvans [3], Uyg: Uyghurs [23], Uzb: Uzbeks [84], Yuk: Yukhagirs [6].

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Additional file 4:

Consensus autosomal STR profiles determined for the ancient Yakut samples. Consensus autosomal STR profiles determined for the ancient Yakut samples. Samples with grey cells correspond to sample typed by the the AmpF STR Profiler Plus kit.

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Additional file 5:

Localization, dating and substrate(s) collected for the different individuals. The different ancient samples collected. Dendro: dendrochronological dating, Archaeo: archaeological dating. I: incisive tooth, C: canine tooth, pM: pre-molar tooth, M: molar tooth. Data obtained from samples in italic font were not taken into account for the phylogenetic analyses.

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Additional file 6:

MtDNA control region polymorphisms of the 166 present day Yakuts. MtDNA control region polymorphisms. Haplogroups assigned according to van Oven and Kayser [89] mtDNA tree build 5.

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Additional file 7:

Y SNP polymorphisms of ancient Yakut samples. 13 Y-chromosomal SNPs typing of the ancient Yakut samples. These SNPs were amplified and analyzed according to the protocol developed by Bouakaze et al. [61].

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