Haplotype networks and global projection. COI haplotype network diagrams of D. antarctica for A) the 'central Chilean' clade and B) the 'Patagonian/subantarctic' clade (see also ), with circle size scaled approximately according to haplotype frequency, and small dots representing undetected, hypothetical haplotypes. Although the 'Patagonian/subantarctic' and 'New Zealand south' clades  joined parsimoniously using network analysis, the 'central Chilean' clade did not join to any other lineages at ≥90% confidence limit: a hypothetical, non-statistically supported connection between the major clades is indicated with a red dashed line. The most common (C-I/red) haplotype was found throughout Chilean Patagonia [this study] and the subantarctic . C) Global projection showing locations of other (subantarctic) sites at which the Patagonian (C-I/red) haplotype has previously been detected . The eastward flow of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) is indicated.
Fraser et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2010 10:203 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-10-203