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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

SOX10 directly modulates ERBB3 transcription via an intronic neural crest enhancer

Megana K Prasad1, Xylena Reed1, David U Gorkin1, Julia C Cronin2, Anthony R McAdow3, Kristopher Chain3, Chani J Hodonsky4, Erin A Jones6, John Svaren7, Anthony Antonellis45, Stephen L Johnson3, Stacie K Loftus2, William J Pavan2 and Andrew S McCallion18*

  • * Corresponding author: Andrew S McCallion andy@jhmi.edu

  • † Equal contributors

Author Affiliations

1 McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA

2 Genetic Disease Research Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA

3 Department of Genetics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA

4 Department of Human Genetics, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA

5 Department of Neurology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA

6 Program in Cellular and Molecular Biology; University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA

7 Department of Comparative Biosciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA

8 Department of Molecular and Comparative Pathobiology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA

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BMC Developmental Biology 2011, 11:40  doi:10.1186/1471-213X-11-40

Published: 14 June 2011

Abstract

Background

The ERBB3 gene is essential for the proper development of the neural crest (NC) and its derivative populations such as Schwann cells. As with all cell fate decisions, transcriptional regulatory control plays a significant role in the progressive restriction and specification of NC derived lineages during development. However, little is known about the sequences mediating transcriptional regulation of ERBB3 or the factors that bind them.

Results

In this study we identified three transcriptional enhancers at the ERBB3 locus and evaluated their regulatory potential in vitro in NC-derived cell types and in vivo in transgenic zebrafish. One enhancer, termed ERBB3_MCS6, which lies within the first intron of ERBB3, directs the highest reporter expression in vitro and also demonstrates epigenetic marks consistent with enhancer activity. We identify a consensus SOX10 binding site within ERBB3_MCS6 and demonstrate, in vitro, its necessity and sufficiency for the activity of this enhancer. Additionally, we demonstrate that transcription from the endogenous Erbb3 locus is dependent on Sox10. Further we demonstrate in vitro that Sox10 physically interacts with that ERBB3_MCS6. Consistent with its in vitro activity, we also show that ERBB3_MCS6 drives reporter expression in NC cells and a subset of its derivative lineages in vivo in zebrafish in a manner consistent with erbb3b expression. We also demonstrate, using morpholino analysis, that Sox10 is necessary for ERBB3_MCS6 expression in vivo in zebrafish.

Conclusions

Taken collectively, our data suggest that ERBB3 may be directly regulated by SOX10, and that this control may in part be facilitated by ERBB3_MCS6.