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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Interleukin-1α enhances the aggressive behavior of pancreatic cancer cells by regulating the α6β1-integrin and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor expression

Hirozumi Sawai*, Yuji Okada, Hitoshi Funahashi, Yoichi Matsuo, Hiroki Takahashi, Hiromitsu Takeyama and Tadao Manabe

Author Affiliations

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya 4678601, Japan

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BMC Cell Biology 2006, 7:8  doi:10.1186/1471-2121-7-8

Published: 20 February 2006

Abstract

Background

In human pancreatic cancer progression, the α6β1-integrin is expressed on cancer cell surface during invasion and metastasis formation. In this study, we investigated whether interleukin (IL)-1α induces the alterations of integrin subunits and urokinase plasminogen activator/urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPA/uPAR) expression in pancreatic cancer cells. We hypothesize that the alterations of integrin subunits and uPA/uPAR expression make an important role in signaling pathways responsible for biological behavior of pancreatic cancer cells.

Results

IL-1α upregulated the expression of α6 and β1 integrins without any alterations of α5 and αv integrins expression. IL-1α also induced enhancement in the expression of uPA/uPAR in pancreatic cancer cells. IL-1α enhanced the proliferation, adhesion, and migration in pancreatic cancer cells, and IL-1α-induced alterations of uPA/uPAR expression correlated with the increased the migration of pancreatic cancer cells. Upregulation of α6 integrin subunit and uPA/uPAR correlated with the activation of Ras and downstream extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathways. IL-1α-induced activation of Ras and downstream ERK can be inhibited by using inhibitory antibodies against α6 and β1 integrin and uPAR, consistent with the inhibition of proliferation, adhesion and migration of pancreatic cancer cells. Immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated a significant association between strong expressions of α6 integrin with uPAR in pancreatic cancer specimens. Furthermore, the strong expression of α6 integrin and uPAR was found to be independent prognosticator in pancreatic cancer patients.

Conclusion

Based on these findings, we conclude that IL-1α can induce selective upregulation of α6β1-integrin and uPA/uPAR in pancreatic cancer cells and these changes may modulate the aggressive functions of pancreatic cancer.