Resolution:
standard / ## Figure 2.
Bistable dynamics in a two-gene system with cross-regulation. A. Gene regulatory circuit diagram. Blunt arrows indicate mutual inhibition of genes
X and Y. Dashed arrows indicate a basal synthesis (affected by the inhibition) and an independent
first-order degradation of the factors. B. Two-dimensional XY phase plane representing the typical dynamics of the circuit.
Every point (X, Y) represents a momentary state defined by the values of the pair
X, Y. Red arrows are gradient vectors indicating the direction and extent that the
system will move to within a unit time at each of the (X, Y) positions. Collectively,
the vector field gives rise to a "potential landscape", visualized by the colored
contour lines (numerical approximation). In this "epigenetic landscape", the stable
states (attractors) are in the lowest points in the valleys: a (X>>Y) and b (Y>>X) (gray dots). C. Schematic representation of the epigenetic landscape as a section through a and b in which every red dot represents a cell. Experimentally, this bistability is manifested
as a bimodal distribution in flow cytometry histograms in which the stable states
a and b appear as peaks at the respective level of marker expression (e.g., Y).
Chang |