M-CSF release from purified microglial cells stimulated with 0, 10, or 250 μg/mL glycated albumin (GA) for 24 h. GA significantly induces the release of M-CSF, compared with the control. The results are shown as means ± SD of three individual experiments. One-way ANOVA was performed, followed by post-hoc analysis. *, P < 0.05.
Liu et al. BMC Cell Biology 2011 12:5 doi:10.1186/1471-2121-12-5