Each NLS contributes differently to the rate and efficiency of NOL7 nuclear localization. The steady-state efficiency and rate of import for NLS mutants was evaluated to determine their relative contribution to the subcellular localization of NOL7 in HeLa cells. (A) Twenty hours after transfection, mutants were imaged by immunofluorescence against the HA tags and costained with DAPI and WGA to delineate the nucleus and cytoplasm. Using ImageJ, the nuclear-to-total cell fluorescence ratio was calculated for twenty cells per construct. Error bars represent standard error. (B) Cells were transfected with the different NOL7 NLS constructs and imaged at 5, 6, 7, and 8 hours post-transfection. The nuclear accumulation was measured by α-HA immunofluorescence and the rates were calculated as the change in nuclear signal over time. Bars represent the average rate for ten cells and error bars are representative of the standard error.
Zhou et al. BMC Cell Biology 2010 11:74 doi:10.1186/1471-2121-11-74