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This article is part of the supplement: First International Workshop on Text Mining in Bioinformatics (TMBio) 2006

Open Access Proceedings

Extracting unrecognized gene relationships from the biomedical literature via matrix factorizations

Hyunsoo Kim, Haesun Park* and Barry L Drake

Author Affiliations

College of Computing, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA

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BMC Bioinformatics 2007, 8(Suppl 9):S6  doi:10.1186/1471-2105-8-S9-S6

Published: 27 November 2007



The construction of literature-based networks of gene-gene interactions is one of the most important applications of text mining in bioinformatics. Extracting potential gene relationships from the biomedical literature may be helpful in building biological hypotheses that can be explored further experimentally. Recently, latent semantic indexing based on the singular value decomposition (LSI/SVD) has been applied to gene retrieval. However, the determination of the number of factors k used in the reduced rank matrix is still an open problem.


In this paper, we introduce a way to incorporate a priori knowledge of gene relationships into LSI/SVD to determine the number of factors. We also explore the utility of the non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) to extract unrecognized gene relationships from the biomedical literature by taking advantage of known gene relationships. A gene retrieval method based on NMF (GR/NMF) showed comparable performance with LSI/SVD.


Using known gene relationships of a given gene, we can determine the number of factors used in the reduced rank matrix and retrieve unrecognized genes related with the given gene by LSI/SVD or GR/NMF.