This article is part of the supplement: Proceedings of the Fourth Annual MCBIOS Conference. Computational Frontiers in Biomedicine

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Cloning, analysis and functional annotation of expressed sequence tags from the Earthworm Eisenia fetida

Mehdi Pirooznia1, Ping Gong2, Xin Guan2, Laura S Inouye3, Kuan Yang1, Edward J Perkins3* and Youping Deng1*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS, 39406, USA

2 SpecPro Inc., 3909 Halls Ferry Rd, Vicksburg, MS, 39180, USA

3 Environmental Laboratory, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, 3909 Halls Ferry Rd, Vicksburg, MS, 39180, USA

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BMC Bioinformatics 2007, 8(Suppl 7):S7  doi:10.1186/1471-2105-8-S7-S7

Published: 1 November 2007



Eisenia fetida, commonly known as red wiggler or compost worm, belongs to the Lumbricidae family of the Annelida phylum. Little is known about its genome sequence although it has been extensively used as a test organism in terrestrial ecotoxicology. In order to understand its gene expression response to environmental contaminants, we cloned 4032 cDNAs or expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from two E. fetida libraries enriched with genes responsive to ten ordnance related compounds using suppressive subtractive hybridization-PCR.


A total of 3144 good quality ESTs (GenBank dbEST accession number EH669363EH672369 and EL515444EL515580) were obtained from the raw clone sequences after cleaning. Clustering analysis yielded 2231 unique sequences including 448 contigs (from 1361 ESTs) and 1783 singletons. Comparative genomic analysis showed that 743 or 33% of the unique sequences shared high similarity with existing genes in the GenBank nr database. Provisional function annotation assigned 830 Gene Ontology terms to 517 unique sequences based on their homology with the annotated genomes of four model organisms Drosophila melanogaster, Mus musculus, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and Caenorhabditis elegans. Seven percent of the unique sequences were further mapped to 99 Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways based on their matching Enzyme Commission numbers. All the information is stored and retrievable at a highly performed, web-based and user-friendly relational database called EST model database or ESTMD version 2.


The ESTMD containing the sequence and annotation information of 4032 E. fetida ESTs is publicly accessible at webcite.