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Open Access Research article

Mining and state-space modeling and verification of sub-networks from large-scale biomolecular networks

Xiaohua Hu1* and Fang-Xiang Wu23

Author Affiliations

1 College of Information Science & Technology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5A9, Canada

3 Division of Biomedical Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5A9, Canada

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BMC Bioinformatics 2007, 8:324  doi:10.1186/1471-2105-8-324

Published: 31 August 2007

Abstract

Background

Biomolecular networks dynamically respond to stimuli and implement cellular function. Understanding these dynamic changes is the key challenge for cell biologists. As biomolecular networks grow in size and complexity, the model of a biomolecular network must become more rigorous to keep track of all the components and their interactions. In general this presents the need for computer simulation to manipulate and understand the biomolecular network model.

Results

In this paper, we present a novel method to model the regulatory system which executes a cellular function and can be represented as a biomolecular network. Our method consists of two steps. First, a novel scale-free network clustering approach is applied to the large-scale biomolecular network to obtain various sub-networks. Second, a state-space model is generated for the sub-networks and simulated to predict their behavior in the cellular context. The modeling results represent hypotheses that are tested against high-throughput data sets (microarrays and/or genetic screens) for both the natural system and perturbations. Notably, the dynamic modeling component of this method depends on the automated network structure generation of the first component and the sub-network clustering, which are both essential to make the solution tractable.

Conclusion

Experimental results on time series gene expression data for the human cell cycle indicate our approach is promising for sub-network mining and simulation from large-scale biomolecular network.