This article is part of the supplement: APBioNet – Fifth International Conference on Bioinformatics (InCoB2006)
Modelling study of dimerization in mammalian defensins
Biomolecular Modelling and Design Group, Bioinformatics Institute, 30 Biopolis Street, #07-01 Matrix, Singapore 138671
BMC Bioinformatics 2006, 7(Suppl 5):S17 doi:10.1186/1471-2105-7-S5-S17Published: 18 December 2006
Defensins are antimicrobial peptides of innate immunity functioning by non-specific binding to anionic phospholipids in bacterial membranes. Their cationicity, amphipathicity and ability to oligomerize are considered key factors for their action. Based on structural information on human β-defensin 2, we examine homologous defensins from various mammalian species for conserved functional physico-chemical characteristics.
Based on homology greater than 40%, structural models of 8 homologs of HBD-2 were constructed. A conserved pattern of electrostatics and dynamics was observed across 6 of the examined defensins; models backed by energetics suggest that the defensins in these 6 organisms are characterized by dimerization-linked enhanced functional potentials. In contrast, dimerization is not energetically favoured in the sheep, goat and mouse defensins, suggesting that they function efficiently as monomers.
β-defensin 2 from some mammals may work as monomers while those in others, including humans, work as oligomers. This could potentially be used to design human defensins that may be effective at lower concentrations and hence have therapeutic benefits.