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This article is part of the supplement: Statistical mass spectrometry-based proteomics

Open Access Research

Statistical characterization of multiple-reaction monitoring mass spectrometry (MRM-MS) assays for quantitative proteomics

D R Mani*, Susan E Abbatiello and Steven A Carr

Author Affiliations

The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA

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BMC Bioinformatics 2012, 13(Suppl 16):S9  doi:10.1186/1471-2105-13-S16-S9

Published: 5 November 2012

Abstract

Multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry (MRM-MS) with stable isotope dilution (SID) is increasingly becoming a widely accepted assay for the quantification of proteins and peptides. These assays have shown great promise in relatively high throughput verification of candidate biomarkers. While the use of MRM-MS assays is well established in the small molecule realm, their introduction and use in proteomics is relatively recent. As such, statistical and computational methods for the analysis of MRM-MS data from proteins and peptides are still being developed. Based on our extensive experience with analyzing a wide range of SID-MRM-MS data, we set forth a methodology for analysis that encompasses significant aspects ranging from data quality assessment, assay characterization including calibration curves, limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ), and measurement of intra- and interlaboratory precision. We draw upon publicly available seminal datasets to illustrate our methods and algorithms.

Keywords:
Multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry (MRM-MS); stable isotope dilution (SID); quantification; interference detection; limits of detection and quantification; intra- and interlaboratory precision