Resolution:
standard / ## Figure 3.
Prediction experiments. LOESS-smoothed AUC and explained phenotypic variance (denoted “VarExp”), for the
Finnish celiac disease dataset, for increasing model sizes. AUC is estimated over
20×3-fold cross-validation, except for HyperLasso for which we ran only 2×3-fold cross-validation
due to the high computational cost. The explained phenotypic variance is estimated
from the AUC using the method of [11], assuming a population prevalence of celiac disease K=1%. Note that glmnet, HyperLasso, LIBLINEAR (denoted “LL-L1”), and SparSNP used an _{ℓ1}-penalised model, whereas LIBLINEAR-CDBLOCK (denoted “LL-CD-L2”) used an _{ℓ2}-penalised model (non sparse), inducing a model using all 516,504 SNPs, therefore
it is shown as a horizontal line across all model sizes. Note that tuning the _{ℓ2}penalty for LIBLINEAR-CDBLOCK resulted in very similar AUC
Abraham |