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Open Access Research article

Modular composition predicts kinase/substrate interactions

Yichuan Liu and Aydin Tozeren*

Author Affiliations

Center for Integrated Bioinformatics, Drexel University, 711 Bossone Research Building, 3120 Market Street, Philadelphia PA 19104, USA

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BMC Bioinformatics 2010, 11:349  doi:10.1186/1471-2105-11-349

Published: 25 June 2010

Abstract

Background

Phosphorylation events direct the flow of signals and metabolites along cellular protein networks. Current annotations of kinase-substrate binding events are far from complete. In this study, we scanned the entire human protein sequences using the PROSITE domain annotation tool to identify patterns of domain composition in kinases and their substrates. We identified statistically enriched pairs of strings of domains (signature pairs) in kinase-substrate couples presented in the 2006 version of the PTM database.

Results

The signature pairs enriched in kinase - substrate binding interactions turned out to be highly specific to kinase subtypes. The resulting list of signature pairs predicted kinase-substrate interactions in validation dataset not used in learning with high statistical accuracy.

Conclusions

The method presented here produces predictions of protein phosphorylation events with high accuracy and mid-level coverage. Our method can be used in expanding the currently available drafts of cell signaling pathways and thus will be an important tool in the development of combination drug therapies targeting complex diseases.