Open Access Research article

Functional classification of proteins based on projection of amino acid sequences: application for prediction of protein kinase substrates

Boris Sobolev1*, Dmitry Filimonov1, Alexey Lagunin1, Alexey Zakharov1, Olga Koborova1, Alexander Kel2 and Vladimir Poroikov1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Bioinformatics, Institute of Biomedical Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, 119121, Pogodinskaya str. 10, Moscow, Russia

2 Institute of Systems Biology, Institutskaya 6, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia

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BMC Bioinformatics 2010, 11:313  doi:10.1186/1471-2105-11-313

Published: 10 June 2010



The knowledge about proteins with specific interaction capacity to the protein partners is very important for the modeling of cell signaling networks. However, the experimentally-derived data are sufficiently not complete for the reconstruction of signaling pathways. This problem can be solved by the network enrichment with predicted protein interactions. The previously published in silico method PAAS was applied for prediction of interactions between protein kinases and their substrates.


We used the method for recognition of the protein classes defined by the interaction with the same protein partners. 1021 protein kinase substrates classified by 45 kinases were extracted from the Phospho.ELM database and used as a training set. The reasonable accuracy of prediction calculated by leave-one-out cross validation procedure was observed in the majority of kinase-specificity classes. The random multiple splitting of the studied set onto the test and training set had also led to satisfactory results. The kinase substrate specificity for 186 proteins extracted from TRANSPATH® database was predicted by PAAS method. Several kinase-substrate interactions described in this database were correctly predicted. Using the previously developed ExPlain™ system for the reconstruction of signal transduction pathways, we showed that addition of the newly predicted interactions enabled us to find the possible path between signal trigger, TNF-alpha, and its target genes in the cell.


It was shown that the predictions of protein kinase substrates by PAAS were suitable for the enrichment of signaling pathway networks and identification of the novel signaling pathways. The on-line version of PAAS for prediction of protein kinase substrates is freely available at webcite.