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This article is part of the supplement: Selected papers from the Seventh Asia-Pacific Bioinformatics Conference (APBC 2009)

Open Access Research

Extract interaction detection methods from the biological literature

Hongning Wang, Minlie Huang and Xiaoyan Zhu*

Author Affiliations

State Key Laboratory of Intelligent Technology and Systems, Tsinghua National Laboratory for Information Science and Technology, Department of Computer Science and Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, PR China

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BMC Bioinformatics 2009, 10(Suppl 1):S55  doi:10.1186/1471-2105-10-S1-S55

Published: 30 January 2009

Abstract

Background

Considerable efforts have been made to extract protein-protein interactions from the biological literature, but little work has been done on the extraction of interaction detection methods. It is crucial to annotate the detection methods in the literature, since different detection methods shed different degrees of reliability on the reported interactions. However, the diversity of method mentions in the literature makes the automatic extraction quite challenging.

Results

In this article, we develop a generative topic model, the Correlated Method-Word model (CMW model) to extract the detection methods from the literature. In the CMW model, we formulate the correlation between the different methods and related words in a probabilistic framework in order to infer the potential methods from the given document. By applying the model on a corpus of 5319 full text documents annotated by the MINT and IntAct databases, we observe promising results, which outperform the best result reported in the BioCreative II challenge evaluation.

Conclusion

From the promising experiment results, we can see that the CMW model overcomes the issues caused by the diversity in the method mentions and properly captures the in-depth correlations between the detection methods and related words. The performance outperforming the baseline methods confirms that the dependence assumptions of the model are reasonable and the model is competent for the practical processing.